Tag Archives: language

Finnish words from ankidroid

Lately I’ve been using ankidroid to study Finnish – or at least to expand my vocabulary a bit. I think it’s great but it won’t work by itself and requires quite a bit of tenacity.

The good Finnish deck:https://ankiweb.net/shared/info/1918695216 it’s called “Finnish järjestyksessä”.

It’s made by Rendall and it’s quite good, it took a list of the most common Finnish words (assembled by my company ;)

The deck won’t work by itself though, I get a lot of help by:

  • Get the word in a sentence helps tremendously for learning it. Just learning the words helps a lot, especially if you don’t care so much about using the exact right form. Learning how to use them is also important, and that’s where talking or reading things help.
  • Asking someone for assistance or clarifications about words is important. For example you might have words that are translated to the same word in English but you’d use them differently in Finnish.

Some notes about the contents:

  • Some translations are not awesome or the first word that shows up is the archaic meaning. So for those you’d want to click the edit card and change the meaning to something modern.
  • Some erisnimi words are just fairly useless unless you want to learn a city /person name, like NATO, Salo, Joensuu, Jorma or Jukka. They might have a different meaning besides the city name but they’re rarely/never used for that meaning.

 

Making changes to the template:

On each card there is this “info” and sometimes hints. I found myself wanting to change the URL to wiktionary on the cards because google chrome didn’t redirect wiktionary.org to en.wiktionary org but to www.m.wiktionary.org which doesn’t exist. It’s quite easy to change this, because that part is done with a template and is not added in each card. To change:

  • synch your decks
  • install anki on your compute
  • login with your account and synch it
  • browse the deck and on the right-hand side you’ll see your decks and the ones you have marked and so on, there’s also a few called “adjektiivi”, “prononimit” and so on. These are the templates.
  • Click on a template and then on the “Cards…” button.
  • This will show “Card 1” and “Card 2”. In the back template you can then change the URL to whatever you want!

Finnish Sentences – Kaivopuistu

Disclaimer: I am still studying Finnish and not so good :)

The posts that I’m trying to write here are just a way for me to practice writing Finnish.

Kaivopuisto on iso, vihreä ja meri vieressä. Sisällä ovat puut ja kukat.

Kaivopuisto is big, green and next to the sea. Inside are trees and flowers.

 

— Turned out this sentence was not the best finnish :) Puistossa and partitivi might be better to use!

Numbers in Finnish

What I found/find really hard was separate kahdeksan and yhdeksän, because cmon, they are pretty similar!

English – basic – genitivi

One – yksi – yhden
Two – kaksi – kahden
Three – kolme – kolmen
Four – neljä – neljän
Five – viisi – viiden
Six – kuusi – kuuden
Seven – seitsemän – seitsemän
Eight – kahdeksan – kahdeksan
Nine – yhdeksän – yhdeksän
Ten – Kymmenen – kymmenän

But then I got this great tip the other day:

yhdeksän on yksi minus kymmenen
nine is one minus ten

kahdeksan on kaksi minus kymmenen
eight is two minus ten
And as I hope you can see, the genitive form of the numbers one and two are basically what is the beginning of nine and eight!

Happy numbering!

Finnish – Word Cases – Non-productive Cases

Part one of this article – describing the Cases expressing Grammatical Functions.
Part two: Locative Cases
Part three: Others

Non-productive Cases

Abessive

Meaning/function: without
Ending: -tta; ttä
Example: syyttä
Examples: S/he got angry without reason. – Hän suuttui syyttä.

Prolative

Meaning/function: channel , by
Ending: -tse
Example: postitse, maitse
Examples:
The books come by post. – Kirkjat tulevat postitse.
The transportation takes place by land. – Kuljetus tapahtuu maitse.

Instructive

Meaning/function: means, manner, how?
Ending: -n
Example: käsin, jalan, itkien
Examples:
This has been made by hand. – Tämä on käsin tehty.
Lönnrot travelled by foot. – Lönnrot teki matkansa jalan.
S/he came home crying. – Hän tuli itkien kottin.

Comitative

Meaning/function: company, with
Ending: -ne (+ possessive suffix)
Example: vaimoineen, ympäristöineen
Examples:
The president was also there with his wife. – Myös presidentti vaimoineen oli paikalla.
Helsinki, including its surroundings is the most densely populated area. – Helsinki ympäristöineen on tiheimmin asuttua aluetta.

Finnish – Word Cases – Others

Part one of this article – describing the Cases expressing Grammatical Functions.
Part two: Locative Cases
Part four: Non-productive

Others

Translative

Meaning/function: change into for (future time (DYN))
Ending: -ksi
Example: johtajaksi, jouluksi
Examples:
S/he became the manager last year. – Hän tuli viime vuonna johtajaksi.
I’m going to Finland for Christmas. – Menen jouluksi Suomeen.

Essive

Meaning/function: function, satte, quality, etc. Precise time (STA)
Ending: -na/ -nä
Example: johtajana, kuumana, mustana, sunnuntaina
Examples:
S/he is a manager in New york. – Hän on New Yorkissa johtajana.
The sauna is hot all day. – Sauna on koko päivän kuumana.
I drink coffee black. – Juon kahvin mustana.
I’ll come on Sunday. – Tulen sunnuntaina.

Finnish – Word Cases – Locative (expressing place)

Part one of this article – describing the Cases expressing Grammatical Functions.
Part three: Others
Part four: Non-productive

Locative cases (expressing place) – internal locations (in)

Inessive

Meaning/function: in, inside, etc (STA)
Ending: -ssa/ -ssä
Example: hotelissa, puolessa, tunnissa
Examples:
I am in the/a hotel now. – Olen nyt hotellisa.

I will be in the restaurant in half an hour. – Olen puolessa tunnissa ravintolassa.

Elative

Meaning/function: from, out of (DYN), as a complement of some verbs
Ending: -sta / -stä
Example: hotellista
Examples: I am leaving the hotel now. – Lähden nyt hotellista.

Illative

Meaning/function: into, to, etc (DYN) as a complement of some verbs
Ending: -Vn; –hVn
Example: hotellin
Examples:
I just came into the hotel. – Minä tulin juuri hotellin.
I immediately took a liking to this hotel. – Ihastuin tähän hotelliin heti.

Locative cases (expressing place) – external locations (on)

Adessive

Meaning/function: on (STA), instrument, possession, (dative) time
Ending: -lla/ -llä
Example: kadulla, taksilla, minulla, illalla/talvella
Examples:

I’ll wait on the street. – Odotan kadulla.
I’ll come by taxi. – Tulen taksilla.
I have a car. – Minulla on auto.
I’ll come in the evening/in the winter. – Tulen illalla/talvella.

Ablative

Meaning/function: from (DYN) source
Ending: -lta/ -ltä
Example: kadulta, johtajalta
Examples:
The bus leaves from this street. – Bussi lähtee tälta kadulta.
I heard it from the manager. – Kuulin sen johtajalta.

Allative

Meaning/function: onto (DYN), to, etc. Recipient.
Ending: -lle
Example: Kadulle, hänelle
Examples:
The bus comes to this street. – Bussi tulee tälle kadulle.
I’ll tell him (that). – Kerron sen hänelle.

Finnish – Word Cases – Grammatical Function

Finnish works the way that it adds something at the end of the word (and maybe change the middle of the word) to make it mean things like: location, possession, from, receipient, future, channel, how, …, there is 16 of them – obviously I find this a little difficult!

I will try to make sense of them (or at least describe them) in this article series.

I put in some color coding to visualize the words in each sentence as they are translated – there might very well be some mistakes there – if you see one, please let me know :)

Cases expressing grammatical function

Nominative

Meaning/function: Base form / subject, object
Singular ending: Ø
Plural ending: -t
Example: hotelli /t

Examples:
Is the hotel open? – Onko hotelli auki?
Are the hotels open? – Ovatko hotellit auki?

Genitive

Possession / object
Ending: -n or -en
Example: Hotellin / Hotellien

Examples:
The names of the hotels are Vaakuna and Presidentti. – Hotellien nimet ovan Vaakuna ja Presidentti.
Who owns this hotel? – Kuka omistaa tämän hotellin?

Accusative

Object of personal pronouns
Ending: -t
Example: hänet

Example: Do I know him/her – Tunnetko hänet?

Partitive

Meaning/function: vage amount, negative complement, greetings, etc
Ending: -a/-ä and -(t)ta/ -(t)tä
Example: rahaa, häntä, huonetta, taksia, päivää
Examples:

I have (some) money. – Minulla on rahaa.
I do not know him/her. – Minä en tunne häntä.
I do not have a room yet. – Minulla ei ole vielä huonetta.
There aren’t any taxis in the street. – Kadulla ei ole vielä taksia.
Hyvää päivää! – Good day!

Part two: Locative Cases
Part three: Others
Part four: Non-productive