Finnish – Word Cases – Others

Part one of this article – describing the Cases expressing Grammatical Functions.
Part two: Locative Cases
Part four: Non-productive

Others

Translative

Meaning/function: change into for (future time (DYN))
Ending: -ksi
Example: johtajaksi, jouluksi
Examples:
S/he became the manager last year. – Hän tuli viime vuonna johtajaksi.
I’m going to Finland for Christmas. – Menen jouluksi Suomeen.

Essive

Meaning/function: function, satte, quality, etc. Precise time (STA)
Ending: -na/ -nä
Example: johtajana, kuumana, mustana, sunnuntaina
Examples:
S/he is a manager in New york. – Hän on New Yorkissa johtajana.
The sauna is hot all day. – Sauna on koko päivän kuumana.
I drink coffee black. – Juon kahvin mustana.
I’ll come on Sunday. – Tulen sunnuntaina.

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