Saw this note today in the MOTD – that I can upgrade with do-release-upgrade.
Official instructions/details from Ubuntu and here is another quality post on unixtutorial.
My Ubuntu 10.10 is running inside a VMWare Workstation Virtual Machine on my Windows 7 x64.
I did it over ssh with ‘sudo screen -S upgrade do-release-upgrade‘ .
Probably not wise to do this over ssh, but the setup started an extra sshd service on another port, just in case something breaks.
It would need to download about 210MB of packages, if you press on ‘d’ at the right time you’ll get into a ‘less’ of all the removes, upgrades and new installs. Press q to exit that.
- I got to chose keyboard (I have an IBM Thinkpad T40, but it wasn’t in the list, took an R60 instead, looked pretty similar).
- It then asks for which services that are using NSS (I had no idea, so just used the default of rsync, mysql, apache and one more).
- memtest86?? Does it come with this automagically? This is pretty cool, I’ve only heard about this being used in an iso to quite thoroughly test memory. The OS uses quite a lot of the RAM so if you test RAM from inside the OS you will not be able to test all, thus the boot CD. However, later on it turns out that memtest86 is actually put in the grub/boot menu! Very handy!
- apparmor – this is a security module – apparently you can give applications profiles
- 2.6.38! woop! See the link for more updates in the kernels. On that page – kernelnewbies.org – you can also find details about the other updates. Kernel.org only has detailed change log as far as I could see (lots of text).
- Later on it asks you, do you want to delete these packages (d for details): libisc60, libdns66, linux-image-2.6.35-22-generic, python-newt, libxapian15, byobu
- Last question: do you want to reboot? – No pain, no gain. Is ‘adventurous’ to do kernel upgrades remotely ;)
- VM came back online after what felt like just 15 seconds.
- Welcome to Ubuntu 11.04 (GNU/Linux 2.6.38-8-generic x86_x64)!
Time for another test! This time it’s Ubuntu 11.04 Natty.
My setup is a Intel Core i7 920 on Windows 7 x64 with 8GB RAM.
*** Update 2011-04-29 – I just heard that if you run this in a Virtual Machine you do not get all the shebang on the default graphical user interface. But for me it looks fine. Also when I looked on this video it didn’t look much different except for the left side bar. If you want to check out the supposedly nicer graphical user interface I would recommend that you put Ubuntu on a CD/DVD and then boot your desktop with it. That way you can see if it’s for you and if it works without doing anything to your hard drives :)
*** Update 2011-04-29 Also added link where to get Ubuntu 11.04 as now it’s not in beta anymore.
- Install VMWare Workstation
- Download the Ubuntu ISO. (I got the x64 / AMD64 one) from http://www.ubuntu.com/testing/natty/beta
- As it’s public now, you can get it from http://www.ubuntu.com/download/ubuntu/download
- Add new Virtual Machine (VM) in VMWare Workstation, browse to the .iso and it will with easy install find Ubuntu 64-bit.
- Gogogo! Chose language and set up your user account. That’s all. After that you can log on to the desktop. It took quite some time for me to install it – though I wasn’t in a rush so did not measure time and just left the PC. Maybe it went sleeping or something.
Uses 5.2GB effective disk space (checked properties on the directory from Windows) after install and that upgrade below.
Looks pretty smooth. Quite different from what I remember. I set it to 2GB RAM and it’s only using 300MB from scratch. This is nice. And it turns off in a couple of seconds.
- Unity thing in VMWare Workstation works from scratch (7.1.3 and 7.1.4). In 7.1.4 even with the VMWare Tools not
- First thing I ran was a software update – 160MB already after it being out only a couple of days. Guess some big package got an update.. however, no reboot required for it!
- One thing you should be aware of, is that the program options/menu bar, is at the top of the screen, “File”, “View”, stuff like that. So quite a bit like Mac OS (if I’m not mistaken).
- Audio is also working from start.
- Resolution/screen proportions are automagically updated so that Ubuntu fits the whole screen. Nice. Ubuntu 10.10 does not do this in Virtualbox on RHEL6.
Comes default with these programs:
- Mozilla Firefox 4.0
- Libreoffice (not openoffice??) – looks like openoffice anyway.
- Evolution Mail/calendar
- Empathy chat cilent
- Gwibber – twitter I guess
- Transmission – torrent client
- Shotwell photo manager
- “ubuntu software manager” – where you download apps. There is still however apt-get and synaptic.
This “ubuntu software manager” is a bit of a fail. It seems very mainstream.
- irssi cannot be found there
That’s about all I can think of for now.
- No flash from the start. But! Search for it in the software manager and you can install it. This however failed. I tried to report but it required a login so I skipped.
- After fail the app still has a green check-mark on it.
- Flash still works though. And it’s not lagging for me at all. But hey, I just tried it right after starting the browser. Maybe it gets choppier after some heavy browsing :p
The unity thing is pretty darn neat. What it does is it gives you an “extra” start-button. It’s not visible all the time, only when you go near your normal one – it pops out. With that you can then start a program from the Ubuntu virtual machine and it will look like any other program on your PC.
Supposedly Unity may work better after upgrading VMWare Tools. I got a little bar at the bottom of the screen, extracted and ran the thing. Then it was gone.
All in all, feels pretty good! I have some plans to get a laptop of mine up running this. Just need some other work done on it first I believe. There were some bugs, but that’s not surprising, considering it is in beta. Always liked ubuntu because installing it is so smooth. Might not be the most awesome for preserving system resources but honestly, only using 300MB from start is pretty ok isn’t it? If I get it on my laptop, I’ll definitely be trying another window manager, like awesome or dwm – should bring the memory usage down :)