Tag Archives: Study

Finnish words from ankidroid

Lately I’ve been using ankidroid to study Finnish – or at least to expand my vocabulary a bit. I think it’s great but it won’t work by itself and requires quite a bit of tenacity.

The good Finnish deck:https://ankiweb.net/shared/info/1918695216 it’s called “Finnish järjestyksessä”.

It’s made by Rendall and it’s quite good, it took a list of the most common Finnish words (assembled by my company ;)

The deck won’t work by itself though, I get a lot of help by:

  • Get the word in a sentence helps tremendously for learning it. Just learning the words helps a lot, especially if you don’t care so much about using the exact right form. Learning how to use them is also important, and that’s where talking or reading things help.
  • Asking someone for assistance or clarifications about words is important. For example you might have words that are translated to the same word in English but you’d use them differently in Finnish.

Some notes about the contents:

  • Some translations are not awesome or the first word that shows up is the archaic meaning. So for those you’d want to click the edit card and change the meaning to something modern.
  • Some erisnimi words are just fairly useless unless you want to learn a city /person name, like NATO, Salo, Joensuu, Jorma or Jukka. They might have a different meaning besides the city name but they’re rarely/never used for that meaning.


Making changes to the template:

On each card there is this “info” and sometimes hints. I found myself wanting to change the URL to wiktionary on the cards because google chrome didn’t redirect wiktionary.org to en.wiktionary org but to www.m.wiktionary.org which doesn’t exist. It’s quite easy to change this, because that part is done with a template and is not added in each card. To change:

  • synch your decks
  • install anki on your compute
  • login with your account and synch it
  • browse the deck and on the right-hand side you’ll see your decks and the ones you have marked and so on, there’s also a few called “adjektiivi”, “prononimit” and so on. These are the templates.
  • Click on a template and then on the “Cards…” button.
  • This will show “Card 1” and “Card 2”. In the back template you can then change the URL to whatever you want!

Brocade Certified Ethernet Fabric Professional

Brocade Certified Ethernet Fabric Professional – BCEFP – is available for free right now! I signed up and if you pass it you’re in the drawing for a $500 amazon coupon each week/month :)

Ethernet Fabric you say? “As a Brocade Certified Ethernet Fabric Professional, you must be able to demonstrate knowledge of IP, SAN, and FCoE concepts, “

What to focus on: http://community.brocade.com/t5/Certification/BCEFP-Exam-Preparation/m-p/56467

Nutshells: http://www.brocade.com/education/certification-accreditation/certified-ethernet-fabric-professional/index.page

To register for the exam, head over to the post on reddit. Basically there’s a pdf with the voucher you use when registering for the exam on pearsonvue.

Currently the “CEF 250” is free, but it’s not the main curriculum for the course.

Brocade Accredited Server Specialist – BASP


I’m currently preparing for yet another accreditation, the previous one I took was the BADCS,

The BASP (Brocade Accredited Server Specialist) appear to focus on the server side. Things like:

  • how to install drivers
  • HBA management tools
  • describe features
  • how to run diagnostics

This accrediation has the most questions of all the current ones, but it has the same amount of time allotted (one hour) so this exam will have a lot less time available for each question.

The curriculum for this accreditation are also free, they are called Introduction to HBA and Introduction to CNA. There’s also some docs about the 1860 Fibre Adapter. They can be found on Brocade’s Saba/training website under my.brocade.com.


// Update 20140422: This accrediation has been replaced with something else. See the current list here: http://www.brocade.com/education/certification-accreditation/index.page?

Brocade Accredited Data Center Specialist – BADCS


Time to study for another one :) Working my way towards the “Data Center Track”. To complete it it would be enough for me to complete 5 accreditations.

This one has a pretty cool name – BADCS!


I haven’t tried one of these Accredited exams before, but as far as I can tell:

  • Cheap: only 20$ USD
  • The exam is web based, no need to find a test center, you can do it exactly when you want to.
  • Accreditations do not expire
  • You don’t _have_ to take the course in the prerequisites before taking the exam, but it is recommended :)

Also, for this Accreditation the pre-requisite is the FC-101 course on brocade’s SABA page – and it’s free!

– The BADCS exam consists of 38 questions and lasts 60 minutes
– To pass this exam you must get a score of 71% or better 

So that’s about 27 correct out of 38 questions.

The objectives are on this page.

The only part I was initially not entirely sure about is the “Given a scenario, describe when portlog dumps are required”. The objectives indicate that a Fibre Channel theory knowledge is necessary, so the FC-101 course seems like a very good idea to study. I doubt many people remember specific FC mechanisms/theory if they don’t work with these occasionally. Like the well-known addresses – who remembers the address of the name-server or controller? =)

My general tip for the BADCS: Learn the material of the FC-101 course. Really. Learn. it.

You may be tricked into thinking that Brocade’s accrediations are easy because you can do them from home.

BCFP 16G Beta Exam Material

After the announcement of the available material Fabric OS 7.0.0a has been released.

On the page http://community.brocade.com/docs/DOC-2041 only the first revision of the 7.0 release notes is available.

The BCFA 16G beta course material is also available, probably a good idea to read up on both and do a little rehearsing.

The old attachments are these:

  • 1860_FabricAdapter_DS.pdf (942.3 K)
  • FOS_TrblShoot_v700-02.pdf (1.8 MB)
  • FOS_CmdRef_v700.pdf (4.6 MB)
  • FOS_AdminGd_v700-02.pdf (7.2 MB)
  • FOS_FCIP_AdminGd_v700.pdf (2.8 MB)
  • NetworkAdvisor_SAN_InstallGd_v1110.pdf (450.3 K)
  • NetworkAdvisor_SAN_Manual_v1110.pdf (9.5 MB)
  • v7.0.0_releasenotes_v1.0.pdf (1.5 MB)
  • SH_Family_DS_03.pdf (157.7 K)
  • Brocade_Adapters_v2.3.0.0_Admin_Guide.pdf (1.5 MB)
  • AccessGateway_AdminGd_v700.pdf (919.0 K)

With my notes:

  • 1860_FabricAdapter_DS.pdf (this is just a brochure/data sheet of that product)
  • FOS_TrblShoot_v700-02.pdf (trbl and diag guide, 3 June 2011, 138p)
  • FOS_CmdRef_v700.pdf (cmd reference manual- 29 April 2011, 1132p)
  • FOS_AdminGd_v700-02.pdf (3 June 2011, 580p)
  • FOS_FCIP_AdminGd_v700.pdf (29 April 2011, 136p)
  • NetworkAdvisor_SAN_InstallGd_v1110.pdf (13 May 2011, 47p)
  • NetworkAdvisor_SAN_Manual_v1110.pdf (13 May 2011, 1301p)
  • v7.0.0_releasenotes_v1.0.pdf (29 April 2011, 125p)
  • SH_Family_DS_03.pdf (SAN Health Family, brochure/data sheet)
  • Brocade_Adapters_v2.3.0.0_Admin_Guide.pdf (27 October 2010, 292p)
  • AccessGateway_AdminGd_v700.pdf (29 April 2011, 102p)

The newer versions are not available if you have a registered account on my.brocade.com without any product registered to it. I’ve e-mailed Brocade asking for more access. In the meantime some are available on for example HP.com – but the Brocade release notes are not available there. And the HP Release notes for 7.0.0a have the HP names of the products.
On HP’s site you can go to the manuals for the 8/40 to get some more documents.

Actually it looks like the documents available are quite up to date. I guess the Admin Guides etc don’t update that often anyway. There is however a document in the manuals link above that explains that there have been some changes to some of the Brocade Documents. This might be worth checking out.

The conclusion of this little exercise is that the material available is currently good enough (for me).

Reading encrypted/password protected pdf on Linux

Brocade Logo

The problematic PDF

The CFP300 material on http://community.brocade.com/docs/DOC-2041 is encrypted so that it cannot be printed/re-edited without a password.

If you try to open this with evince (default .pdf viewer in Gnome) it will ask for a password.
pdftotext (comes with the software suite poppler) says:

Error: Weird encryption info
Error: Incorrect password

It’s only the material starting with M0* that has this issue, this has also been seen with other documents. Maybe this is because they were created with a too new version of Adobe Acrobat that evince/pdftotext doesn’t support.
The rest of the material are going to be public and they are user/admin guides anyway. But the M0* files are from the actual course material for the 16G so this is why.

The solution on RHEL6 x64: install FoxitReader. Download the .rpm – then hit ‘rpm -Uvh FoxitReader-1.1-0.fc9.i386.rpm’ and it will be installed. To start it just hit ‘FoxitReader’.

Anyway I think it’s nice of Brocade to pre-release the course material for those doing the beta-test. If you want the real material the cheapest is 650$ and then you get the material, narration of the pdfs (usually good quality, not just reading off the presentations) and a few quite good lab exercises.

The Studying

Just threading along here with the material, slowly but steady.
I’m starting with the NPIV / Access Gateway stuff. It’s a bit more complicated than just a switch that isn’t its own domain, it’s also mapping the virtual WWN to the N_ports (a switch in AG mode has N_ports that connect to F_ports in another switch). Usually N_ports are on hosts’ and targets’ ports and the switches’ has the F_ports.

Finnish third year students celebrations

Walked through a peaceful and frosty Helsinki today, when we stumbled on the Boulevard we were showered in candy and various songs on the theme ‘we are the best’!

Turns out this is a tradition, the to be graduates celebrate last school day in ‘Gymnasium’ the rest of the semester is just tests apparently :-)

In Sweden we did have less classes, more tests and projects but this varied depending on which programme we attended.

All in all, spirit-lifting with so many people dressing up, populating their whole class on the back of a lorry and often with a theme and cool words on cardboard.

Thank you Helsinki and all good luck in the next months!

Finnish – Word Cases – Non-productive Cases

Part one of this article – describing the Cases expressing Grammatical Functions.
Part two: Locative Cases
Part three: Others

Non-productive Cases


Meaning/function: without
Ending: -tta; ttä
Example: syyttä
Examples: S/he got angry without reason. – Hän suuttui syyttä.


Meaning/function: channel , by
Ending: -tse
Example: postitse, maitse
The books come by post. – Kirkjat tulevat postitse.
The transportation takes place by land. – Kuljetus tapahtuu maitse.


Meaning/function: means, manner, how?
Ending: -n
Example: käsin, jalan, itkien
This has been made by hand. – Tämä on käsin tehty.
Lönnrot travelled by foot. – Lönnrot teki matkansa jalan.
S/he came home crying. – Hän tuli itkien kottin.


Meaning/function: company, with
Ending: -ne (+ possessive suffix)
Example: vaimoineen, ympäristöineen
The president was also there with his wife. – Myös presidentti vaimoineen oli paikalla.
Helsinki, including its surroundings is the most densely populated area. – Helsinki ympäristöineen on tiheimmin asuttua aluetta.

Finnish – Word Cases – Others

Part one of this article – describing the Cases expressing Grammatical Functions.
Part two: Locative Cases
Part four: Non-productive



Meaning/function: change into for (future time (DYN))
Ending: -ksi
Example: johtajaksi, jouluksi
S/he became the manager last year. – Hän tuli viime vuonna johtajaksi.
I’m going to Finland for Christmas. – Menen jouluksi Suomeen.


Meaning/function: function, satte, quality, etc. Precise time (STA)
Ending: -na/ -nä
Example: johtajana, kuumana, mustana, sunnuntaina
S/he is a manager in New york. – Hän on New Yorkissa johtajana.
The sauna is hot all day. – Sauna on koko päivän kuumana.
I drink coffee black. – Juon kahvin mustana.
I’ll come on Sunday. – Tulen sunnuntaina.

Finnish – Word Cases – Locative (expressing place)

Part one of this article – describing the Cases expressing Grammatical Functions.
Part three: Others
Part four: Non-productive

Locative cases (expressing place) – internal locations (in)


Meaning/function: in, inside, etc (STA)
Ending: -ssa/ -ssä
Example: hotelissa, puolessa, tunnissa
I am in the/a hotel now. – Olen nyt hotellisa.

I will be in the restaurant in half an hour. – Olen puolessa tunnissa ravintolassa.


Meaning/function: from, out of (DYN), as a complement of some verbs
Ending: -sta / -stä
Example: hotellista
Examples: I am leaving the hotel now. – Lähden nyt hotellista.


Meaning/function: into, to, etc (DYN) as a complement of some verbs
Ending: -Vn; –hVn
Example: hotellin
I just came into the hotel. – Minä tulin juuri hotellin.
I immediately took a liking to this hotel. – Ihastuin tähän hotelliin heti.

Locative cases (expressing place) – external locations (on)


Meaning/function: on (STA), instrument, possession, (dative) time
Ending: -lla/ -llä
Example: kadulla, taksilla, minulla, illalla/talvella

I’ll wait on the street. – Odotan kadulla.
I’ll come by taxi. – Tulen taksilla.
I have a car. – Minulla on auto.
I’ll come in the evening/in the winter. – Tulen illalla/talvella.


Meaning/function: from (DYN) source
Ending: -lta/ -ltä
Example: kadulta, johtajalta
The bus leaves from this street. – Bussi lähtee tälta kadulta.
I heard it from the manager. – Kuulin sen johtajalta.


Meaning/function: onto (DYN), to, etc. Recipient.
Ending: -lle
Example: Kadulle, hänelle
The bus comes to this street. – Bussi tulee tälle kadulle.
I’ll tell him (that). – Kerron sen hänelle.

Finnish – Word Cases – Grammatical Function

Finnish works the way that it adds something at the end of the word (and maybe change the middle of the word) to make it mean things like: location, possession, from, receipient, future, channel, how, …, there is 16 of them – obviously I find this a little difficult!

I will try to make sense of them (or at least describe them) in this article series.

I put in some color coding to visualize the words in each sentence as they are translated – there might very well be some mistakes there – if you see one, please let me know :)

Cases expressing grammatical function


Meaning/function: Base form / subject, object
Singular ending: Ø
Plural ending: -t
Example: hotelli /t

Is the hotel open? – Onko hotelli auki?
Are the hotels open? – Ovatko hotellit auki?


Possession / object
Ending: -n or -en
Example: Hotellin / Hotellien

The names of the hotels are Vaakuna and Presidentti. – Hotellien nimet ovan Vaakuna ja Presidentti.
Who owns this hotel? – Kuka omistaa tämän hotellin?


Object of personal pronouns
Ending: -t
Example: hänet

Example: Do I know him/her – Tunnetko hänet?


Meaning/function: vage amount, negative complement, greetings, etc
Ending: -a/-ä and -(t)ta/ -(t)tä
Example: rahaa, häntä, huonetta, taksia, päivää

I have (some) money. – Minulla on rahaa.
I do not know him/her. – Minä en tunne häntä.
I do not have a room yet. – Minulla ei ole vielä huonetta.
There aren’t any taxis in the street. – Kadulla ei ole vielä taksia.
Hyvää päivää! – Good day!

Part two: Locative Cases
Part three: Others
Part four: Non-productive

Opiskelija suomea – study Finnish

Just been to the immigration arbetskraftsbyrå in Hakaniemi. The course I have found that’s out in Espoo should be ok. They may pay for it too as their requirement is 14-16 hours per week and at least four days per week!

They sort the classes in different categories. Mine was A1.3 which is apparently a good one for me(a beginner).

The test they were going to send out will hopefully come before that. Apparently lots of people who want to study Finnish.

Also found some cumin(good for middle eastern and mexican dishes) in an Asian store!